The  Nalgonda  district  is  basically  an  agrarian  district  with  good  irrigation sources  and  favorable  climatic  conditions. Approximately  75%  of  population  depends directly or indirectly on Agriculture in Nalgonda district.  The major growing crops are Paddy and  Cotton.   For Paddy and  Ground nut  seed  production,  the climatic conditions are  very much congenial and for realizing the Telangana state as seed bowl of India, the contribution of Nalgonda district in this regard is sizeable.

The Agriculture department is committed to promote Agricultural development in  more  significant  way  to  create  better  socioeconomic  conditions  among  the  farming community through the implementation of Government programmes. The Agriculture sector has potential for creating better opportunities and livelihoods and there by poverty alleviation is possible. In the light of the potential contribution and role of the Agriculture sector in the district, a strategic development plans need to be developed, planned for implementation for deriving growth in Agriculture sector.

The Department of Agriculture is performing following functions in the process of sustainable agricultural development.

 1 Total Geographical area Lakh.ha 7.12
 2 Gross cropped area Lakh.ha 3.47
 3 Net cropped area Lakh.ha 3.12
 4 Gross Irrigated area Lakh.ha 1.09
 5 Net Irrigated area Lakh.ha 0.76
  1. Ensuring quality & timely input supply
  2. Input Regulation
  3. Soil Testing
  4. Fertilizer Testing
  5. Seed Testing
  6. Pesticides Testing
  7. Generating Land Resources Database
  8. Facilitating Credit
  9. Facilitating Crop Insurance
  10. The department has enabled the delivery of some of above mentioned services like soil testing, fertilizer, seed, pesticide testing, Input regulation and farm mechanization to farmers through use of Information Technology